What is Kidney Stone Surgery?
In today’s world, patients suffering from kidney stones have new and improved options for their medical conditions. At Modern Care Clinic, Stone Laser Surgery is used to treat patients who have kidney stones by providing the best results and utmost relief.
Stone Laser Surgery is one of the many minimally invasive surgeries which does not require cuts on a patient’s body. It works by inserting a small instrument called a ureteroscope into the urethra and bladder to reach the ureter and kidney. When the kidney stones appear, the surgeon can then use laser technology to disintegrate the stones into smaller pieces which are either removed manually or are passed later on during urination.
What are the types of Stone Laser Surgery?
As medicine evolves, so do the different tools and choices surgeons and patients have in handling medical cases. Patients suffering from kidney stones can rest at ease in today’s world knowing that they have a wide range of choices that can provide the results they hope for in the most effective and efficient way possible.
Ureteroscopy originates from the word ureteroscope which is a long thin tube with an optic camera at the end. When performing ureteroscopy, the ureteroscope is inserted through the urethra and bladder into the ureter or kidney. When the stones are found, they are extracted using a stone basket. If needed, large stones are crushed into smaller pieces using laser. This procedure is best used for the treatment of small to medium kidney stones located in the urinary tract and is performed under general or spinal anesthesia.
There are two types of ureteroscopes, flexible and rigid. The rigid ureteroscope has a rigid tip which limits its movement and access to some parts of the kidney; on the other hand, the flexible ureteroscope has a flexible tip that allows the surgeon to reach all the areas inside the kidney and extract stones no matter of their location.
PCNL or Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a procedure where a small incision is made (up to 1 cm) through which a needle is inserted into the kidney in order to crush kidney stones and remove them. Small-sized stones can be removed immediately while larger ones should be broken up using laser technology and then removed. This option is best used to remove stones of more than 2 cm in size going up till reaching extreme sizes up to 6cm. It is also best to use this tool with stones which are difficult to reach, too big, too many, or too dense to be treated by other methods. This procedure is performed under general anesthesia.
MiniPerc also known as MiniPCNL is a recent practice in the medical world. It follows the same process of the PCNL mentioned above but utilizes smaller and thinner instruments to access and defragment kidney stones. The benefits of this tool are outstanding since they cause less damage to the kidney, less pain, and less blood loss.