Urinary tract infections in women

Women have a high risk (over 50 percent) of developing a urinary tract infection (UTI), especially in the case of pregnancy; where a urine test is required even if there are no symptoms because a urine infection can be dangerous for both maternal and infant health.

Causes

The essential cause is the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli), found in the digestive system. Chlamydia and mycoplasma bacteria can cause infection in the urethra, but not in the bladder. When the infection is located: -In the bladder: cystitis. -In the urethra: urethritis. -In the kidney: pyelonephritis. The ureters are very rarely the site of infection.

Risk factors

-Sexual intercourse with multiple or new partners (especially Chlamydia and gonorrhea). -Diabetes. -Bad personal hygiene. -Problems emptying the bladder completely. -A urinary catheter. -Inability to control bowel movements. -Blocked flow of urine. –Kidney stones. -Menopause. –Pregnancy. -A procedure aimed at the urinary tract. -A suppression of the immune system. -Immobility for a long period. -Using spermicides and tampons. -Take a lot of antibiotics, which can destroy the natural flora of the bowel and urinary tract.

Symptoms

Common symptoms of a UTI include: -Urinate frequently in small quantities. -Blood in the urine. -Bad smell of urine. -Pain when urinating. -Nausea and vomiting. -Muscle aches and abdominal pains. -In case of Cystitis: low fever, pressure, and cramping in the abdomen and lower back.

Complications

Some upper UTIs can lead to serious problems; recurrent or non-treated kidney infections can cause permanent damage. I the case of pregnancy, kidney infections can lead to premature delivery or to low birth weight. Read more  
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